23 William Shakespeare Biography | Contributions | Facts

23 William Shakespeare Biography | Contributions | Facts

(Last Updated On: April 16, 2021)

Information of William Shakespeare (1564-1616) is a great resource of inspiration, learning, and knowledge for people of all ages. The background of Shakespeare enkindles much confirmation and information about this great actor, playwright, poet, and playwright during the late Elizabethan and early Jacobean era in the avenue of London, UK. William Shakespeare had an eventful biography with many ups and downs.

William Shakespeare’s short biography includes his dynamic achievement, and work. He was in fact one of the torchbearers in the history of English literature at the Renaissance Era.

William Shakespeare biography

In this article, we will be able to know about Shakespeare’s bio and many interesting facts.

1. Birth

William Shakespeare was born in 1564. William Shakespeare’s place of birth is in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England. His date of birth is unknown but is traditionally observed on 23 April, on Saint George’s Day.

2. Parents

His father William was a successful local businessman and his mother Mary was a landowner. Relatively wealthy, the family probably paid for Williams’ education, though he had no evidence of university education.

3. Family life

Shakespeare’s parents John Shakespeare and Mary Arden had eight children together. Shakespeare lost two of his sisters, and thus became the eldest child of his parents.

William Shakespeare lived with his family at their home on Henley Street until he was eighteen years old until his marriage, an eventful incidence of William Shakespeare biography.

4. England’s National Poet

For his contribution and efforts, Shakespeare is commonly called the “Bard of Avon”, or simply “the Bard”. He is also recognized as England’s National Poet

5. Contributions in Number

Shakespeare is famous for his writing and literary works. He is one of the greatest writers of the English language with his 38 mind blowing plays and 154 prolific sonnets on different issues

6. Poet of the English Renaissance or early modern times

Shakespeare was a writer in the Elizabethan period of British theater and in the Jacobian era, which is sometimes called the English Renaissance or early modern times.

His plays are probably his lasting legacy, but he writes all Shakespeare poems are evergreen and popular today.

7. Marriage

At the age of 18, Shakespeare married Ann Hathaway in November 1582. During the marriage, Shakespeare was 18, while Anne was 26, eight years older than Shakespeare.

They were a happy couple and remained married until Shakespeare’s last day of life.

8. Children

Shakespeare had three children: Susanna, Hamnet, and Judith (Twins) was a tragic incident in William Shakespeare biography.

9. Premature death of the Son

Hamnet, the only son of Shakespeare died at the age of only 11.

10. Economical solvency

Because of some timely, profitable investment, Shakespeare was able to secure a firm financial background, leaving time for writing and acting.

Shakespeare bought the second-largest house in Stratford, New Place, in 1605, as well as invested in a prestigious share of the parish tithes in Stratford, which soon doubled and implies the level of his wealth.

11. Passion and Dedication for writing and profession

It seemed that Shakespeare did not seem to be missing from his family – he returned home only during Lent when all the theater was closed. It is thought that he wrote most of his sonnet in the 1590s.

12. Early Life Works: Comedy and History

It was a long time to write and his plays generated great interest and controversy. His early plays were essentially comedy (eg: Much Ado About Nothing, A Midsummer Night’s Dream) and History (e.g., Henry V)

13. Middle Age: Tragedy

In the early seventeenth century, Shakespeare began writing plays in the wake of tragedy. These plays, like Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth, often involve deadly errors or major character flaws and provide interesting insights into the darker aspects of human nature. These later plays are considered Shakespeare’s best achievements.

14. Last phase of life: Romances

Shakespeare wrote tragicomedies (also known as romances) as well as collaborated with other playwrights during the last phase of his life.

15. Shakespeare’s Works

Shakespeare’s works include 38 plays, 2 narrative poems, and 154 sonnets. No original manuscript of Shakespeare plays is available as of today. The publications are widely available.

16. Legacy

Shakespeare’s legacy is as rich and varied as his work; His plays have created numerous transformations across multiple genres and cultures.

His plays have gained a steady presence on stage and in film. His writings have been compiled in various iterations of William Shakespeare’s Complete Works, including all his plays, sonnets, and other poems.

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17. Sonnets

Sonnets written by William Shakespeare are the remarkable achievement of the English literature. He wrote the 154 sonnets.

These short poems deal with things like lost love. His unmatched ability with language and words has a steady appeal to his sonnets.

18. Shakespeare’s plays

Shakespeare’s plays have been studied more than other English language texts and translated into numerous languages.

He wrote blockbuster plays of his time. He was rare as play-writing for tragedy, comedy, and shining in history.

He skillfully blends entertainment with an extraordinary poetical expression that is almost quality ministerial. His many works on life, love, death, revenge, mourning, envy, murder, magic, and mystery.

19. Authenticity of Shakespeare’s Authorship

Some academics, known as “Oxford”, claim that Shakespeare never actually wrote a play.

They claim that Shakespeare was, in fact, a successful businessman and suggested names such as Edward de Vries, 17th Earl of Oxford, for authorship.

Controversies have also been made for Francis Bacon. It was reported that Shakespeare actually had in the Arches of Oxford depends on the circumstantial evidence and similarities between his writing style and the relationship between his life and Shakespeare’s play.

However, there is no strong evidence that Oxford’s The Earl of Theater is tied up or writing scripts.

By contrast, there is evidence of William Shakespeare working in the theater and he received various criticisms from people like Ben Johnson and Robert Green.

Even, more than 12 plays were published after the death of the Earl of Oxford died in 1604. Also, the Earl was not such a prolific writer.

20. The longest Play

Hamlet

21. The last Work

Shakespeare’s last work is The Tempest

22. Death of Shakespeare

The Great English playwright, poet, and actor Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616 – the date of his birthday. The cause of his death is recorded as “drank too hard, for Shakespeare died of a fever there contracted”

Surprisingly, Shakespeare died at the age of 52, whereas the average life expectancy of a human born in the 16th century in London, England, was about 35 years old.

Shakespeare was buried, next to Anne Shakespeare, his wife, as well as Thomas Nash, the husband of his granddaughter.

23. The Grave

The inscribed text o Shakespeare’s grave is “Good friend for Jesus sake forbeare, To dig the dust enclosed here”

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