Hernán Cortés, Marcos del Valle de Ocala, also known as Hernando Cortes or Fernando Cortes, was also spelled Cortez, born in Madeleine, Castille del Castillo, Spain. The Spanish conqueror who defeated the Aztec Empire (1519-22) and conquered Mexico for the crown of Spain.
Hernán Cortés was the son of Morton Cortes de Monroe and the Doa Catalina Pizarro Altmarino ancient name. Hernán Cortés secretary Francisco Lopez de Gamara states that “they had a little wealth, but a lot of respect,” who described how young Hernan was sent to study in Salamanca, west-central Spain at the age of 8, “because he was very young.” Wise and clever in everything he did. “Gamers described him as ruthless, arrogant, naughty and quarrelsome,” his father.
The mothers are the cause of the trouble. “Of course, in the provincial life, he had given a lot to women, and the Columbus story of the Indies was just discovered, excited. He sailed for Valencia’s east coast with the idea of serving in the Italian war, but instead he “wandered lazily for about a year.” Apparently the southern ports of Spain came full of wealth and color to the Indies, proving a greater attraction. He eventually sailed to the island of Hispaniola (now Santo Domingo) in 1504.
Years Hispaniola and Cuba
In Hispaniola, Hernán Cortés became a farmer and a notary of a town council; For the first six years or so, he seems content to establish his own position. He was infected with syphilis and, as a result, missed the accidental expeditions of Diego de Nicua and Alonso de Ojeda, who had traveled to the mainland of South America on the 5th.
He was healed by 5 and traveled with Diego Velasquez to conquer Cuba. Velasquez was appointed treasurer of the governor and clerk of the clergy. Hernán Cortés received a transcript (gift of land and Indian slaves) and the first home in the new capital of Santiago. He was now in a position of power and the anti-colonial element of the colony was beginning to go for leadership.
Hernán Cortés was twice elected alclad (“mayor”) of the city of Santiago, and he was one of the people who “in his presence, tolerance, conversation, manner of eating, and clothing, were all signs of being a great lord.” After news of the progress of Juan de Grijalba’s efforts to colonize Velasquez’s mainland near Cortes, it was decided to send him help.
On October 5, an agreement was signed for the captain of the Corps to appoint a new expedition. The rough-and-tumble experience of new world politics advised Cortes to act quickly before Velasquez changed his mind.
His sense of theatricality, his long experience as an administrator, gained knowledge from many unsuccessful expeditions, and above all his ability as a speaker, he collected six ships and 300 men in less than a month.
Velazquez’s response was predictable; His jealousy was aroused, and he decided to lead the campaign in the hand. Cortes, however, rushed to the sea in a hurry to pick up more people and ships in other Cuban ports.
Expedition to Mexico
When Hernán Cortés sailed off the coast of Yucatan on February 4, he had 3 ships, 3 soldiers, about 5 sailors and – most importantly – 3 horses. He landed in Tabasco on March 7, where he stayed for some time to gain wisdom from the local Indians. He overcame them and took presents from them, consisting of 20 women, one of whom was Marina (“Melinch”), his mistress and interpreter, and one of his sons, Martin, was born.
Cortes sailed to another place on the southeastern Mexican coast and founded Veracruz, originally elected commander-general and chief justice by his troops, thus overthrowing Velasquez’s authority. No other expeditionary leader did what Cortes did on the mainland: he practiced and disciplined his army and made it into a cohesive force.
However, when the final manifestation of his determination to cope with the depression came, he sank his ship. By this single action, he committed himself and his entire power to victory by victory.
Hernán Cortés then traveled to the Mexican interior, sometimes relying on the ball, sometimes sympathetic to the local Indian people, but always careful to keep the conflict with them to a minimum. The key to Cortes’s subsequent conquest was a political crisis within the Aztec Empire.
The Aztecs were furiously annoyed by the many people of the people who had to pay their respects. Cortes’ ability as a leader is nowhere clearer than a quick grasp of his situation – an accomplishment that eventually gave him more than 200,000 allies.
For example, in the battle of World War II in Montezuma, ruler of the Aztec Empire in Mexico, the Tleskala race first resisted Cortes but became its most trusted ally. Rejecting all the threats and slander of Montezuma to keep him away from Tenochtitlan or Mexico (the capital was rebuilt as Mexico City), rebuilt after 9, Cortes entered the city on November 8, 1519, with his small Spanish forces and just 5 telecasters.
Montezuma received the Mexican diplomatic customs with great respect. Cortes soon decided to occupy Montezuma to keep the country under his monarchy and achieve religious conversion, not just his political victory.
The goddess of Cartier had to become a goddess throughout her entire weather life in Spanish politics and vyrsha. On hearing of the arrival of the Spanish forces from Cuba under the leadership of Panfilo Narvaez, Cortes soon heard that he was occupying the capital of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan, somewhat less than his own, in order to deprive Corty of his command (mid-120).
After placing a garrison at Tenochtitlan, Spain, and at the behest of his desperate captain, Pedro de Alvarado, several hundred Teleskaltics advanced against Cortes Narvaiz and defeated him and incorporated his forces into his own army.
On his return, he found that Alvarado had killed many leading Aztec chiefs during a festival, after being blocked by the Spanish garrison Aztecs in Tenochtitlan. Due to severe pressure and lack of food, Hernán Cortés decided to leave town at night.
The Spanish were retreated from the capital, however, with the loss of lives and much of the wealth they had accumulated. After a six-day retreat Cortes won the dispatch (July 7, 1520) in pursuit of the Aztecs at the Battle of Otumba.
Eventually, Hernán Cortés rejoined his Telescalean allies and reorganized his forces before returning to Tenochtitlan in December 1223. After subjugating the surrounding territories, he besieged the city, conquered the streets, and conquered it until it was finished on August 8, 1225. Curtis, the ruler of the Aztec Empire, became the absolute ruler of vast tracts of land from the Caribbean Sea to the Pacific.
In the meantime, Velzquez was conducting a notorious political attack on Bishop Juan Rodriguez de Fonseca and Cortes in Spain through the Indies Council.
Fully aware of the weaknesses of a successful conqueror whose field of work was 5,000,000 miles (5 km) away from the center of political power, Cortes faced long and detailed transmissions – a significant letter to five Spanish King Charles V, his acceptance by the Indians.
Even his popularity as a relatively mild ruler was such that Mexico had one As an independent state. In fact, that was what the Indies Council feared. But it was against his upbringing in a feudal world, where the king made perfect obedience.
The following years
His unstoppable appeal for exploration and victory in 1524 led him south into the Honduras jungle. The two difficult years he spent in this catastrophic campaign damaged his health and his position.
His property was occupied by the officers in charge, and news of the cruelty of their administration and the chaos it caused raised concern in Spain. Cortes’ fifth letter to the Spanish king sought to justify his reckless conduct and “bitterly attacked” various and mighty rivals and enemies, “keeping your great eye blurred.”
However, it was his misfortune that he did not only deal with a king of Spain but with an emperor who ruled most of Europe and had very little time for colonization, they contributed to his treasury, excluding info stains.
The Spanish bureaucrats sent an inquiry commission under Louis Ponce de Lane, and when he died almost immediately, Cortes accused him of poisoning and was forced to retire to his estate.
In 1528 Cortes traveled with Spain to Spain to personally plead for him. He brought with him a lot of wealth and a great staff. Charles welcomed him to the Toledo court, was confirmed as a captain-general (but not as governor), and made Mark’s del Valle.
Hernán Cortés remarried in a marriage family. He returned to New Spain in 6 to find the country in a state of anarchy and filed many allegations against him – even after he had killed his first wife, Catalina – the year he died – after reaffirming his position and republishing some.
By way of arranging, he retired to his estates in Cuernavaca, about 30 miles (48 km) south of Mexico City. There he concentrated on building his palace and exploring the Pacific.
Finally, a viceroy was appointed, after which, in 1540, Cortes returned to Spain. By that time he was completely confused, his life had become unaffected by the lawsuit.
Everything else is an anticlimax. “I am old, poor and in disgust, I have repeatedly requested your Excellency” He was finally allowed to return to Mexico, but he died before he reached Sevilla (Seville).