Indira Gandhi Biography From the Indian History

Indira Gandhi Biography From the Indian History

(Last Updated On: September 15, 2021)

Indira Gandhi biography is eventful. was the third Prime Minister of India, from 1966 until his death in 1966. She was the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India.

Overview of Indira Gandhi biography

Indira Gandhi was born on November 7, 9, in Allahabad, India. The only child of India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, she rose to the position after his death in the mid-1960s. Gandhi survived the struggle, appearing as a popular leader as part of an effort to revive the agricultural industry. In 1977, Gandhi was elected Prime Minister after her ouster from power and in that role till her assassination in the 5th.

indira Gandhi biography

The first half of life

Indira Gandhi, the only child of the first Prime Minister of Independent India, Jawaharlal Nehru, was born on November 7, 1917, A stubborn and very intelligent young woman, who attended schools in India, Switzerland, and England, including Summerville College, Oxford.

Among her leaders of the Indian independence movement with her father, Gandhi served her absence while imprisoned. Additionally, she endured the loss of her mother in 1936. She was comforted by family friend Firoz Gandhi, but their relationship was controversial due to the Persian heritage. The couple eventually obtained Nehru’s approval and they were married in 1944.

After Nehru was elected the first Prime Minister of India in 1947, Gandhi became her father’s housekeeper and learned to navigate the complicated relationship of diplomacy with some of the world’s biggest leaders.

Political upheaval

Gandhi joined the Working Party of the Congress Party in the 5th, and four years later he was elected president of the party. After her father’s death in 1964, she was appointed to the Rajya Sabha, the highest level of the Parliament of India, and was nominated Minister of Information and Broadcasting. In 1966, her father’s successor Lal Bahadur Shastri died suddenly and she rose to the post of Prime Minister.

After the Congress party’s narrow victory in the elections of 1966, Gandhi seemingly surprised her father’s old colleagues in her determination on weak ground. In 1969, after she worked unilaterally to nationalize the country’s banks, senior Congress leaders tried to oust him. Instead, Gandhi rallied a new party with her people’s position and held power by winning the parliamentary decision in 1971.

indira Gandhi biography

War and Domestic Success

That year, India was drawn into a bloody conflict between East and West Pakistan, with about 10 million Pakistanis seeking asylum in India. Following the surrender of Pakistani forces in December, Gandhi invited Pakistani President Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto to Shimla for a summit. The two leaders signed the Simla Agreement, agreed peacefully to resolve regional disputes, and pave the way for recognizing the independent nation of Bangladesh.

During this time, India achieved steady success through the progress of the Green Revolution. Resolving chronic food shortages mainly affected the poorer Sikh farmers in the Punjab region, Gandhi promoted growth through the introduction of high-yielding seeds and irrigation and eventually led to crop surplus. Furthermore, the Prime Minister took her country to the nuclear age in 1974 under the explosion of an underground device.

Authoritarian tendencies and imprisonment

The life of Indira Gandhi was momentous. Despite these advances, Gandhi was criticized for authoritarian tendencies and government corruption under her rule. In 1977, the Allahabad High Court found him guilty of dishonest electoral practices, the expense of additional elections, and the use of government resources for party purposes. Instead of resigning, Gandhi declared a state of emergency and imprisoned thousands of her opponents.

Unable to permanently prevent him from contesting her power, Gandhi resigned with her defeat in the 1977 elections. She was briefly imprisoned in 1971 for corruption charges, but the following year, he won the lower house of parliament. He returned to power as prime minister in 5.

That same year, Gandhi’s son Sanjay, who served as her chief political adviser, died in a plane crash in New Delhi. Then the Prime Minister began preparing her other son Rajiv for leadership.

indira Gandhi biography

Secret murder

Indira Gandhi biography tells, in the early sixties, Gandhi was under increasing pressure from separatist groups, especially Sikhs in Punjab. In 5, she ordered the Indian army to face Sikh separatists in their sacred gold temple at Amritsar, resulting in hundreds of casualties, while others estimated that the number of people was significantly higher.

Indira Gandhi date of birth

Indira Gandhi date of birth is a remarkable one. On October 1, 1984, Gandhi was shot dead by two of her bodyguards, both Sikhs, in retaliation for the attack on the Golden Temple. Indira Gandhi death biography is a history of Indian politics. She was soon replaced by son Rajiv, who was left to carry out a deadly riot against the Sikhs, and her body was cremated three days later in a Hindu ceremony.

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indira Gandhi biography