Armand Caulaincourt, or Armand Augustin Louis De Caulaincourt interesting facts are quite knowledgeable and full of surprises. Armand, marquis de Caulaincourt, born on December 9, 1773, Caulaincourt, France, and died on February 19, 1827, Paris was a French commander, diplomat, and eventually foreign minister during Napoleon’s reign. From 1804, as the Emperor’s devoted master of the horse, Caulaincourt was by Napoleon’s side in all of his major wars, and his Mémoires is a valuable source for the years 1812 to 1814, Armand Augustin Louis De Caulaincourt fun interesting facts.
Caulaincourt negotiated an armistice in Silesia in June 1813 and attended an unsuccessful conference in Prague. He became a foreign minister as the “man of peace” after the Battle of Leipzig, but Napoleon was not a peacemaker, and the congress of Châtillon collapsed by mid-March 1814, interesting fun facts bout Armand Augustin Louis De Caulaincourt.
Caulaincourt eventually reached Alexander I and signed the contract that consigned Napoleon to Elba on April 10, 1814; he was with him during the last dreadful week at Fontainebleau. He resumed his doomed job as Napoleon’s foreign minister in 1815. After Waterloo, Alexander’s intercession spared him from being exiled by the Bourbons. He went into retirement after that, still seeking to cleanse his name of involvement in the Enghien case, Armand Augustin Louis De Caulaincourt interesting facts.
Armand Augustin Louis De Caulaincourt Interesting Fun Facts
1. Louis Gabriel de Caulaincourt, the Marquis de Caulaincourt, a nobleman and army commander, was the oldest son of Louis Gabriel de Caulaincourt, the Marquis de Caulaincourt.
2. He began working in the army at the age of 15 as an assistant to his father at Caulaincourt, Aisne, in the French province of Picardy.
3. Louis Gabriel de Caulaincourt, the Marquis de Caulaincourt, a nobleman and army general, was Caulaincourt’s eldest son.
4. He joined the army at the age of 15, working as an assistant to his father at Caulaincourt, Aisne, in the French province of Picardy.
5. Napoleon’s intended expedition into Russia was strongly urged by Caulaincourt in 1812.
6. Caulaincourt was a retired Frenchman who resided in Paris.
7. He was one of Napoleon’s most devoted and committed politicians throughout the First Empire.
8. Napoleon dispatched Caulaincourt over the Rhine in 1804, to apprehend several British government operatives in Baden. He was employed to give instructions for Louis Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Enghien, to be apprehended and sent to Paris.
9. Once in Paris, the Duke of Enghien was tried for treason and ruthlessly killed by a military tribunal. Caulaincourt, a member of the aristocracy, had been used to execute a fellow nobleman.
10. His father’s friend Talleyrand hired him in Russia (1801–02), where he made an impression on Alexander I. On his return, Napoleon appointed him as an aide-de-camp.
11. Caulaincourt had been appointed to captain and was working as an adjutant on the staff of his uncle, Harville, at the time of the declaration of war in 1792.
12. He had regained his old position and was serving General Lazare Hoche after three years.
13. In the Army of the Rhine, he rose to the rank of colonel.
14. Caulaincourt was summoned to France in 1811, just as Napoleon was about to announce a shift in policy toward Russia. Because of the Duke’s “poor condition of health,” Napoleon wrote to the Tsar, informing him that he had been returned to France.
15. Caulaincourt was recalled in 1811 and was exposed to Napoleon’s enraged insults that he was “Russian.”
16. As Grand Écuyer, or Master of the Horse, he followed Napoleon and was responsible for the Emperor’s and his close guard’s horses, as well as the dispatch riders and orderlies.
17. During Napoleon III’s reign, his eldest son served as a senator.
18. Caulaincourt died in Paris in 1827 at the age of 53, after a stomach cancer diagnosis.
19. He formed a connection with Tsar Alexander I during this time.
20. One of Napoleon’s responsibilities as envoy was to try to arrange a marriage between him and one of the Tsar’s sisters. Despite the fact that nothing came of it, he was able to steer the discussions without causing the Emperor any embarrassment.
21. Caulaincourt had fought in thirteen conflicts by 1801 and had been wounded twice.
23. Caulaincourt spoke several languages fluently, including Russian.
24. Caulaincourt requested that he be moved to Spain, as far away from the Emperor as possible, once the Russian invasion began in 1812.
25. Following the Treaty of Lunéville in 1801, First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte dispatched him to Saint Petersburg. His primary goal was to counter British influence in the Russian court.
26. He was with the Emperor in the Battle of Borodino, when Caulaincourt’s younger brother, Major-General Auguste-Jean-Gabriel de Caulaincourt, was killed while leading the attack after the major redoubt was captured.
27. He gained many honors after the creation of the empire, including the title of Duke of Vicenza, a duché grand-fief, in 1808.
28. He joined the army as a conscript in western France in 1795 and was promoted to colonel of an elite cavalry unit in 1799, which he led at the Battle of Hohenlinden (1800).
29. In 1807, Napoleon appointed him as ambassador to St. Petersburg, where Caulaincourt worked tirelessly for peace in the face of Napoleon’s arbitrary policy and to keep the Tilsit alliance between France and Russia intact.
30. Caulaincourt’s name is carved on the West pillar of the Arc de Triomphe, and a street in Paris is named for him, Rue Caulaincourt.
31. Upon his return, he was appointed as Napoleon’s aide-de-camp.
32. Caulaincourt’s noble background made him a target for the revolutionaries, so he volunteered to serve as a common soldier in the French Garde Nationale in Paris.
33. On his way to join his unit, he was accused of being an aristocrat and imprisoned.
34. He managed to get out of prison and rejoined the army.
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